Jimmy Webb - Glen Campbell

The Lyrical Power of Wichita Lineman

This week, with the passing of legendary singer-songwriter Glen Campbell, we’ve been hearing a lot about some of the songs that made him famous as a solo artist: “Rhinestone Cowboy”, “Galveston”, “Gentle On My Mind”, and “Wichita Lineman”, among many, many others.

“Wichita Lineman” was written by Jimmy Webb, and it’s the song I’ve been hearing most about this week by those who loved Glen’s music. Many describe this song as the unlikeliest of hits: how on earth do you make a hit song about a guy who fixes power lines in Wichita?

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The fact that he’s a lineman is actually part of the success of the song. The image of the lineman represents the common man to us, doing a mundane job, immersed in thoughts about his love. From that opening line, “I am a lineman for the county..” we immediately identify with the character type.

But I think the success of the song — the part that really connects — is how masterfully Webb is able to move the subject from the lineman to the unnamed love of his life. The lyric constantly mentions “I”, but it’s in the second half of each verse where “you” finally gets a mention, and that’s where we get pulled in:

Jimmy Webb - Wichita Lineman

It’s wonderful, the simplicity of how this works. Webb starts by creating a character we can identify with. It could have been an office worker, a plumber, a carpenter… but somehow, the image of a lineman “searching’ in the sun” was the perfect metaphor.

Within three lines, we identify. Then the real power of the lyric happens when he switches from being simply autobiographical (“I am a lineman”), allowing us to peer inside his emotional soul: “I hear you singing’ in the wires..”

It’s that switch, from singing about himself, to singing about his love, where we’re smitten. Think about it: by the 4th line of the song, we’re feeling the strong emotions of a lonely man missing his love, in a very powerful way. Talk about efficiency!

That pattern — switching from “me” to “you”, happens again in the second verse. I do believe, as I mentioned in a Twitter post a few days ago, that the final lines of the song are amongst the best lyrics in 50 years of pop music:

And I need you more than want you,
And I want you for all time.

Toggling back and forth between writing about yourself and then writing about someone else is a powerful way to make a connection to your audience.

And here’s something else: we feel the enormous emotional connection the singer has for this unnamed love, but he gives us no information about that other person at all. Nothing. So why are we feeling the emotions? It’s because once we identify with the singer, we’ll feel anything he’s feeling.

So the switch from the singer to the singer’s love only really works if you been successful in drawing listeners in to who the singer is. If you’re writing about yourself, you’ve got to find imagery that listeners can identify with.

It doesn’t matter if you can do it in three lines, as Webb was able to do, or if it takes you longer. But moving from narrative-style lyrics to emotional ones will only work if the audience connects somehow to the character you initially set up.

Gary EwerWritten by Gary Ewer. Follow on Twitter.

“Essential Chord Progressions”Essential Chord Progressions give you hundreds of progressions you can use as is, or modify to suit the songs you’re working on. If all you need are some chords to get you going, check out this ebook collection.

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  1. Listen to the opening bass line by Carol Kaye. She knew it needed something more before the strings. She made it just as great as all the other contributors

  2. Much is rightly made of the artistry of the writer and the singer, but I want to add that this song could not have happened without a very deep well of sincerity in each of them. “Wichita Lineman” rings so true because that sincerity is there in full measure. Thats what makes it so real, so moving. Bless them both for having brought it to us.

  3. This has to be one of the best, if not the best, pop songs ever written. Musically from the Carol Kaye opening bass line, to the “Morse code’ motif at the end of the chorus to the Dano guitar solo it works incredibly well. Jimmy is a master of both language and music and Glen was a musician who was also an incredible singer. Pure magic.

  4. I’m a bass player and a singer, although nowhere near the altitude of these two giants, but I can say that musically, it’s fascinating. It starts in F but never really finds a home, so it runs to do D. Brilliant move on Webb’s part.

    These two guys were made for each other. I can’t think of anyone who could have made Wichita Lineman work except Glen. Including the DanElectro baritone solo, that was brilliant.

    • Hi Phil:

      Yes, I completely agree about Glen being just the right guy for that song. He’s one of the singers who made choosing the right song to sing a specialty. You can tell that he didn’t sing songs only because he liked them, but because they suited his voice and his musical approach.

      Thanks very much for your comment,

  5. Those are great points about the lyrics. I’m more of a composer than lyricist so I have a lot to learn there.

    When doing a cover of this song, I noticed that there really isn’t a separate verse and chorus for this song. Instead there is a verse(?) which runs for 17 bars, not the usual 12 or 16. That caught my attention, but what is just as interesting is how those 17 bars break down. Trying to mate them into lines gives 3 + 4 + 6 + 4 = 17 And what about the key? I guess you could say it was D major, though the start sounds a lot like F major. I like how Jimmy Webb so casually does this sort of thing. Another favorite of mine, Burt Bacharach sometimes plays with key signatures in as flexible a way.

    Well, Jimmy Webb is a genius at songwriting. The YouTube interviews where he discusses writing Wichita Lineman were quite entertaining. And though Glen doesn’t do any fancy guitar playing on the regular recoding, on YouTube you can find him playing it on Austin City Limits and other places. You will hear fast, crisp, intricate runs as well as very tasteful playing!

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